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BIBLE STUDY: Learning How To Recognize The King Of The North, The Beast Of Revelation, And The Abomination Of Desolation (Part One)

Few in Christian circles today, realize that Jesus did not suggest, but rather Commanded us to learn how to recognize the King of The North, The Beast, and The Abomination of Desolation (Matthew 24:32-33 / Luke 21:29-31). Jesus used the analogy of a fig tree in the spring time, budding forth its new leaves, to show us that summer was very close and imminent! Only a fool coming into Spring doubts that summer will soon follow; and likewise, as will the five foolish virgins, will these slumbering Christians NOT discern and see the Signs of The Coming Bridegroom (Luke 21:34-36)!!!

Bible Study Instructions: One Nation Under God Ministries ( publishes and distributes weekly Bible Studies, worldwide – free of charge, to anyone who requests them, in both printed and electronic formats. Our Studies are intended to be a simple and fun way to learn the Scriptures, and are very easy to follow! We adhere to Jesus Christ’s Biblical instructions to teach and feed the flock of God portions of meat in due season, on weekly Sabbaths, and on the seven annual Holy Days throughout each calendar year (Luke 12:42 / Isaiah 28:9-10 / Matthew 13:52). Using both the Old and New Testaments, our Bible Studies are designed to present a premise, make a statement, or ask a question – followed by one or more Scriptural references. Just look up and read from your Bible the Scriptures listed. Comments following questions elaborate on the Scriptures you just read. Pray always before beginning any study of God’s Word, asking God to open both your eyes and your mind to His Truth; then Prove everything you read, is in fact the Truth, by comparing it to The Word of God (1 Thessalonians 5:21 / 2 Timothy 3:15-17). Then use the Biblical System of Checks and Balances, and SEE if both Jesus Christ, and the First Century Church of God Apostles – also Did, Said, and Taught these SAME THINGS (Galatians 1:1-12, 5:25 / 1 Peter 2:21, 25 / 1 John 2:3-6)! That’s all there is to it! Our Bible Studies are based on the King James Version, unless otherwise stated. We will be praying for your eyes to “see” (Matthew 13:11-17); and we are always available to answer any of your questions! Be Blessed, in Jesus’ Name! - One Nation Under God Ministries (

Jesus clearly taught us that persecution would come to His Church, just prior to the start of the Great Tribulation (Matthew 24:7-10, 21); and that after “the beginning of sorrows”, true Christians, as Defined by Jesus – would be betrayed, delivered up, and many of them killed (Revelation 2:10)!!!

Amazingly, Jesus warned us that the greatest martyrdom would come at the hands of those who profess and believe themselves to be Christians - but whom Jesus says, have actually been deceived by Satan and his false “Christian” prophets into killing God’s Saints, much like the Jews killed the God of the Old Testament, who came in the flesh (John 16:1-4 / Matthew 23:27-39)!!!

Today’s Study was designed to follow and build upon our previous, “The Olivet Prophecy” (Parts 1–4). For the clearest understanding possible, we recommend that you read, study, and prove the Precepts (or Concepts) and Scriptures (or Lines) that they contain (They are Treasures to the Church of God); before continuing on below (Isaiah 28:9-10 / 1 Thessalonians 5:21 / Matthew 13:52).

We are Commanded by Christ to “Take Heed”, to be warned, to watch current events, and to pray always for spiritual discernment of Scripture; so that we will be accounted worthy to escape the awful, terrible, and fearful things that shall soon spring suddenly, upon the whole world as death-trap!!! To do this, we cannot be lulled to sleep with smooth and pathetically un-Scriptural “Rapture” theories, which are intended to give us a false sense of security and to distract us from what is really going on; but we must instead, continually investigate current events with an ever-increasing Biblical knowledge, so that we recognize the gravity of the soon to unfold apocalypse – and prepare ourselves and our families accordingly!!!

Now let’s see how the Olivet Prophecy ties in with the events of Daniel chapter 11; and begin to prepare ourselves to recognize, the yet future emergence, on the world stage, of the King of The North!

So, just Who is this King of the North?

In the Book of Daniel we read about someone called the “King of the North”. Most Bible scholars, and some Bible commentaries, will tell you that this king fulfilled certain Biblical prophecies, thousands of years ago. He, like Daniel, eventually died; and now, today, more than two thousand years later, both are just dust in the ground.

But, we must ask ourselves:

  • Is there yet another, future fulfilment of The King of the North?
  • Are we to be watching for his emergence?
  • And if so, who is this king?
  • Did Jesus give us a way in Scripture, to be certain that we can identify him?                           

To all these questions, Jesus provides Answers! Praise God!!!

Now let’s get into the heart of our Study by turning to Daniel 11:31. Concerning the King of the North, Daniel wrote:

“And arms shall stand on his part (armed forces shall be mustered by him), and they shall pollute (or defile) the sanctuary of strength (or the “sanctuary fortress” – we will talk much more about this later on), and shall take away the daily sacrifice, and they shall place (there) the abomination that maketh desolate (or the abomination of desolation).”

You should know, the above event has already happened in antiquity, fulfilling Scripture, and Daniel’s prophecy – at least in part; but Jesus Christ also warned us, long after this prophecy was fulfilled the first time, that a Second fulfillment was coming in which a Future King of the North would send forces into Jerusalem (Matthew 24:15). This second, and yet future fulfillment, given to us in Jesus’ Olivet Prophecy, would be a warning to us of the final end time! Jesus told us that before He would Return, that The True Gospel of God’s Kingdom coming to this earth, would be Preached in all the world, as a Witness (Matthew 24:14); that the Jewish daily sacrifices, which have not yet even begun as of this writing, would be stopped (Daniel 9:27)! Then the abomination of desolation would be set up (Daniel 9:27; 11:31). This is also when a Divine decree will be issued (Zephaniah 2:1-3 / Revelation 7:1-4, 12:7-17), and the most faithful, Philadelphian era Members of God’s True Church, would be taken to a Place of Safety (Revelation 3:7-13), or God will signal them to flee into the mountains; if they are in Judea - or what we refer to today, as the nation of Israel, in the Middle East (Matthew 24:15-22).

We invite you to learn more about what God says about a Place of Safety for His Saints, during the three and one half years of the Coming Great Tribulation, by reading our Bible Study:

Is Petra The Place Of Safety?

Jesus said He would Protect us if we were Taking Heed, Watching, and Praying Always (Revelation 3:10)!!!

Are we patiently persevering; and are we doing it intelligently and wisely? We must open our Bibles and ask God to Guide us in the Understanding of His Truth: to show us, and teach us all He gave unto Jesus to know (John 16:13-15 / Psalm 111:10). If we reject The Knowledge God has recorded in His Word for us to have in these last days; God will reject us at the end of this age (Hosea 4:6). In more recent times, Spanish-American philosopher, poet, and novelist: George Santayana (1863-1952) said: “Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it”. We do not want to repeat the mistakes of our forefathers; so let’s study, remember, and memorize our forgotten Biblical past!

When we begin to study about the "King of the North"; we quickly see that there is also the "King of the South" mentioned in Scripture (Daniel 11:1-5). Now Daniel chapter 11, is a continuation of chapter 10; so let’s go back just a little bit and tie them together (Daniel 10:5-6, 11-14, 18-21). So what we are seeing here, is an angel who is sent to tell Daniel that three kings will rise in Persia, but the fourth shall be richer and stronger than the first three, and he shall stir up war with Greece.                                                                      

What we know from history:                

  1. King Nebuchadnezzar, in his first year as the king of Babylon, laid siege to Jerusalem in the third year of the reign of Jehoiakim, king of Judah. This is when Daniel was taken captive as a young man (Daniel 1:1-7). Now what most people don’t realize is that after the Flood, Noah’s son Ham had a son named Cush, and Cush had a son named Nimrod - who was a mighty man and a mighty hunter before the Lord (Genesis 10:1, 6-9); the Bible also tells us that Nimrod started his kingdom by building Babel (Genesis 10:10). After God scattered the world’s population, because they would not relocate as Noah had ordered, the city fell into disarray for a time (Genesis 11:8-9). But although he did not attempt to rebuild the waterproof city and tower; Nimrod’s descendants did continue to rebuild Babel in subsequent years. First century A.D. Jewish historian Flavius Josephus records that the great city of Babylon derived its name from the Ancient Hebrew word “Babel”, meaning confusion. In Daniel’s time, King Nebuchadnezzar (also called Nabu-Kudurri - Usur II) was the real genius and builder of Babylon – post Nimrod.

Ancient Babylon:                        

Fifth century Greek Historian Herodotus (484-425 B.C.), who is widely referred to as “The Father of History”; says of Nebuchadnezzar’s 45 year reign in Babylon:                 

- The city was in the form of a square, 14 miles long on each side, and of enormous magnitude.

- The brick wall was 56 miles long, 300 feet high, 25 feet thick with another wall 75 feet behind the first wall; and the walls extended 35 feet below ground!

- There were 250 towers that were each 450 feet high!

- The Euphrates River also flowed through the middle of the city, with Ferry boats conveying passengers and goods. There was a half mile long bridge in the center of the city, with individual drawbridges that would close at night.

- Babylon with its hanging gardens, and water distributed by hydraulic pumps, truly a wonder of the Ancient World!!!

- The city had eight massive gates that led to the inner city, and 100 brass gates.

- The streets were paved with stone slabs, 3 feet square.

- Attractions included “The Great Tower” which was 300 feet tall (Ziggurat – the remains of the post flood tower?).

Did you know that Nebuchadnezzar both saw and wrote about the original tower built in antiquity: "A former king built the Temple of the Seven Lights of the Earth, but he did not complete its head. Since a remote time, people had abandoned it, without order expressing their words. Since that time earthquakes and lightning had dispersed its sun-dried clay; the bricks of the casing had split, and the earth of the interior had been scattered in heaps". It is very possible that the Ziggurat that existed in Daniels time, was built upon the remains of the Ancient Tower of Babel!

- 53 temples including the “Great Temple of Marduk”, and 180 altars to Ishtar (where we get our word “Easter” from), the golden image of Baal and The Golden Table (both weighing over 50,000 lbs. of solid gold, 2 golden lions, and a solid gold human figure that was 18 feet high (Daniel 2:31-35)! Did King Nebuchadnezzar actually make the image he dreamed of in solid gold after his dream (Daniel 2:36-38)?

- Nebuchadnezzar’s palace was considered to be the most magnificent building ever erected on earth!

An angel is sent to tell Daniel that three kings will rise in Persia, but the fourth shall be richer and stronger than the first three, and he shall stir up war with Greece!!!                                                                      

What we know from history (continued):

  1. King Cyrus, king of Persia, was the founder of the Mede-Persian Empire; he conquered Media, Lydia, and lastly the Babylonian Empire by digging canals to divert the mighty Euphrates into a basin; which was at the time, simply a low marsh. According to Greek Historian Herodotus: “The river sank to knee level and allowed Cyrus to enter Babylon undetected. Owing to the vast size of the place, the inhabitants of the central parts (as the residents at Babylon declare) long after the outer portions of the town were taken, knew nothing of what had chanced, but as they were engaged in a festival, continued dancing and reveling until they learnt about the capture. Such then, were the circumstances of the first taking of Babylon.” We must know that Daniel was still in his position after the takeover of Babylon by Cyrus (Daniel 1:21). It is in the third year of King Cyrus that our Bible Study continues (Daniel 10:1, 11:2). Actually there were 12 more kings in the Persian Empire, but only the first four following Cyrus were of importance for the purpose of this prophecy. King Cyrus died in 529 B.C.


  1.  Cambyses (the first king of Daniel 11:2), he was the son of Cyrus, and in 525 B.C. invaded Egypt and successfully overthrew the native Egyptian pharaoh, Psamtek III, last ruler of Egypt's 26th Dynasty; making himself the first ruler of Egypt's 27th Persian Dynasty. After capturing Egypt, Cambyses took the Throne name Mesut-i-re (Mesuti-Ra), meaning "Offspring of Re". Though the Persians would rule Egypt for the next 193 years until Alexander the Great defeated Darius III and conquered Egypt in 332 BC, Cambyses victory would bring to an end (for the most part) to Egyptians truly ruling Egyptians, until the mid-20th century, when Egypt finally shrugged off colonial rule. Herodotus records that on the way home from his conquest, in July 522 B.C., Cambyses heard that a pretender had taken the throne, pretending to be another son of Cyrus, named Smerdis. Cambyses, now in a rush to get home, hastily mounted his horse and accidentally stabbed himself in the thigh with his dagger. The wound became gangrenous, and Cambyses died in early August of 522 B.C. after ruling only seven years,
  2.  Pseudo-Smerdis, the imposter (the second king of Daniel 11:2), only ruled for several months, but in that short time gained a large following by remitting taxes for the three years throughout the empire (some things never change in politics!).                                    
  3.  Darius the Great (the third king of Daniel 11:2), This is NOT Darius the Mede (who was an uncle and father-in-law of Cyrus the Great; and reigned at the same time as Cyrus, over one of the many kingdoms of the empire. Darius the Mede is called “king over the kingdom of the Chaldeans” in Daniel 9:1, which was historically only one of the kingdom of Babylon – not all of the kingdoms of Persia, which only Cyrus had rule over. In Daniel 5:30-31, we see Belshazzar, king of the Chaldeans – or of Babylon – is slain; then Darius the Mede takes the kingdom at 62 years of age. See Daniel 5:31, 6:1-3, 28, 9:1-2 [it is interesting to note here, and we will come back to this in a future study, that Daniel 9:24-27 predicts the future coming of Jesus Christ! This is Daniel’s understanding of Jeremiah’s prophecy in Jeremiah 25:10-14, 29:10-14. All of this transpired in the first year of the reign of King Darius the Mede, ruler of Babylon under Cyrus the Great. Only God could have predicted with such accuracy the exact coming of His Son, our Messiah! Think Duality here!], Daniel 11:1).

Darius the Great (born in 550 B.C., he began his reign of 36 years in 522 B.C., at the age of 28 [not 62], and ruled until October 486 B.C., when he died at the age of 64). He retained the loyalty of the Persian Army when Pseudo-Smerdis, took power and was able to eventually capture and kill the imposter king! In addition to Scripture, we know from the famous Behistun Inscription carved in rock, 30 miles from Kermanshah, Iran (formerly Persia), that Darius defeated 9 kings in 19 battles in 2 years, he partially defeated the Greeks, was known as an good administrator of his kingdom, and organized an efficient postal service too (Ezra 5:1-17)! I wonder if they too, had to lick their stamps, back in the day?                               

  1.  Xerxes, King of Kings of Persia (pronounced “Zerk-sees”; the fourth king of Daniel 11:2), when we re-read this Scripture, we realize when we compare it against history, that it was the fourth or last king, Xerxes (519-465 B.C.), who was the richest and more powerful of the four kings that came AFTER Cyrus! Xerxes was Darius’s son; and it was he who stirred up war with Greece, after his father died while in the process of preparing a second army to invade the Greek mainland! He is probably best known in modern media today, as the king who led a fleet and an army of one million strong, against King Leonidas of Sparta, who resisted Xerxes with a small force of Greek Warriors at the Battle of Thermopylae Pass. Xerxes was murdered by the commander of his royal bodyguards in 465 B.C. Most people are unaware that Xerxes is also mentioned in the Bible by the name of Ahasuerus, the Persian king who took the Jewish Esther to be his queen in 478 B.C., in the seventh year of his reign (Esther 2:15-18).

In Daniel 11:3, we read about yet another king; this time not a Persian king, but a Greek King! In order to understand who he was, we need to understand the tension and the wars that were being fought at the time between Greece and Persia. Then King Philip II of Macedonia (382 – 336 B.C.) planned a great war to conquer the Persian Empire, with an army made up mostly of Grecians. He died before the plans were completed, but his son took over his father’s vision and invaded Persia.

7. Alexander The Great (the mighty king that shall stand up, that shall rule with great dominion - Daniel 11:3), son of Philip II, Alexander the Great (356 – 323 B.C.), took the throne at age 20, and spent most of his ruling years on an unprecedented military campaign throughout Asia and northeast Africa. He met the Persian Army at the Battle of Issus, in 333 B.C. (Daniel 8:2, 5-6). Then he swept down into Egypt, and gave a crushing defeat to the Persian Empire at the Battle of Arbella, in 331 B.C.; afterwards marching clear to India, defeating all before him! By the age of thirty, he was undefeated, and had created one of the largest empires of the Ancient World (stretching from Greece to Egypt, and into northwest Ancient India). As Scripture says, he shall “do according to his will” – and he did; being considered one of history’s most successful military commanders! Most people are unaware that Alexander the Great was tutored by the philosopher Aristotle until the age of 16!

Now let’s read Daniel 11:4. When we compare this Scripture to history, we see how perfectly this prophecy was fulfilled! Cut off unexpectedly in the vigor of early manhood (at 33 years old in June, of 323 B.C.), Alexander left no heir, and he had no son. The Empire was left leaderless and in confusion; but by the year 301 B.C., just as Daniel had prophesied, the Empire was split into four divisions by Alexander's generals. It looked something like this:

  1. Ptolemy (Soter): ruling Egypt, part of Syria and Judea.
  2. Seleucus (Nicator): ruling Syria, Babylonia and the territory east to India.
  3. Lysimachus: ruling Asia Minor.
  4. Cassander: ruling Greece and Macedonia.

God’s prophecy, given in Daniel 11:4, was fulfilled to the letter (Malachi 3:6 / Hebrews 13:8)!!! Remember the consistency and the exactness of God, as we move forward here with our Study!

From this point on (Daniel 11:5) the prophecy foretells about the activities of only two of the above four divisions:

  1. Egypt, called "the King of the South," because it is south of Jerusalem; and
  2. The Syrian kingdom, called “the King of the North”, which is just north of Judea. Remember too that from this point in time, and on into our present day; the Assyrians will eventually become who we know as our modern day Germans! This is key to unlocking Scripture in the last days.

The Holy Land is right in the middle of these two kingdoms, and over the years many wars have been fought over the possession of Judea. Jerusalem is a city that has been fought over 16 times, it has been destroyed twice, besieged 23 times, attacked in major offensives 52 times, and captured and recaptured 44 times so far! The Bible predicts there is more to come!!! For this reason, the End Time prophecies that we will be studying from this point on, center themselves in Judea, and in Jerusalem.

In history, we learn that the original Ptolemy I, called Soter, became strong and powerful, developing Egypt beyond the greatest dreams of Alexander. One of his princes, or generals, Seleucus Nicator, also became very strong and powerful. In 312 B.C., taking advantage of Ptolemy's being tied up in a war, he established himself in Syria, and assumed the diadem as king.

Daniel 11:6 “And in the end of years they shall join themselves together; for the king's daughter of the south shall come to the king of the north to make an agreement (equitable conditions or a ‘marriage union’): but she shall not retain the power of the arm; neither shall he stand, nor his arm: but she shall be given up, and they that brought her, and he that begat her, and he that strengthened her in these times.”

Again this was prophecy was fulfilled to the letter! At the end of 50 years, this occurred exactly as described! Syria's ruler, the king of the north, at this time was Antiochus II, called Theos. His wife was named Laodice. And, according to Rawlinson's Ancient History, page 251, “Her influence ... engaged him in a war with Ptolemy Philadelphus (king of the south), in 260 B.C., which was terminated, in 252 B.C., by a marriage between Antiochus and Bernice, Ptolemy's daughter.”

The prophecy says, “he that begat her” shall be given up. Also that she shall not retain the power of the arm, neither shall the king of the north, whom she married, stand. All three are to come to their end. Notice how accurately this came to pass.

Going back to Rawlinson's History (pages 251 and 252): “On the death of Philadelphus (he that begat her), in 247 B.C. Antiochus repudiated Bernice, and took back his former wife, Laodice, who, however, doubtful of his constancy, murdered him to secure the throne for her son Seleucus (II) in 246 B.C.  Bernice ... had been put to death by Laodice.”                         

Nowhere in all the Bible is there so literal a prophecy, giving so many details of future history!!! And to read the ancient history of these kingdoms, is to simply see it unfolded before your eyes, once again; step by step, verse by verse! God’s prophecy is always extremely accurate; there can be no doubt that this was the actual fulfillment of what God Said would come to pass!!!


It is NOT that hard; it is NOT too difficult to Copy Christ, and to Walk in His Footsteps!!!

“My little children, these things write I unto you, that ye sin not. And if any man sin, we have an Advocate with The Father, Jesus Christ The Righteous: And He is the Propitiation for our sins: and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world!!!

And hereby we do know that we Know Him, if we Keep His Commandments!!!

He that saith, I know Him, and Keepeth NOT His Commandments, is a LIAR, and The Truth is not in him!!! But whoso Keepeth His Word, in him verily is The Love of God Perfected: hereby KNOW WE that we ARE IN Him!!! He that saith he abideth in Him, ought himself also so to walk, even AS He Walked!!!” (1 John 2:1-6).

When did Jesus ever observe the pagan celebration, that has become what the world today, now calls Christmas? The answer is NEVER!!! He could have, but HE DID NOT!!!

Christ was The God who spoke to Moses (1 Corinthians 10:1-4); and that SAME Unchanging Jesus (Malachi 3:6 / Hebrews 13:8) also Commanded Moses and His People NOT to use ancient pagan practices, although washed and covered in Jesus stickers, to Worship The One True God (Deuteronomy 12:1-4,28-32)!!!

Jesus Foretold us that MANY ministers would come after He Ascended to heaven, they would proclaim Him as King; BUT then they would DECEIVE us as to WHAT Jesus really Did, Said, and Taught!!!

“And Jesus answered and said unto them, Take heed that no man deceive you!!! For MANY shall come in My Name, saying, I am Christ; and shall DECEIVE MANY!!!” (Matthew 24:4-5).

Did YOU not know, that Jesus Christ Personally appeared to King Solomon TWICE, to Command this king NOT to keep what we call today, “Easter” and “Christmas”? It’s TRUE!!! But your average minister is NOT going to teach this Truth to YOU, anytime soon!!!

When King Solomon refused to Obey Christ; Jesus took the Kingdom of Israel away from him!!!! You can read the story for yourself in 1 Kings 11:1-11!!!

One Nation Under God Ministries is teaching this world to DO what Jesus DID, to SAY what Jesus Said, and to TEACH what Jesus TAUGHT (Matthew 28:18-20 /Luke 6:46)!!!

At this time of year, you can even see the Broad Way from outer space! I’m talking about the Christmas Lights, that are so bright at night; they are even visible from satellite cameras 200 miles up in the sky (Matthew 7:13-14)!!!

READ your Bibles People!!! STOP listening to the ministers of darkness who try to justify their “Happy Birthday Jesus” Pagan Rites!!! You are Really Honoring Lucifer, the fallen light bringer, or the god of this world!!!

Jesus Gave us 7 annual Holy Days in Leviticus 23:1-44!!! Learn the days Jesus ALWAYS kept; and COPY HIM (John 13:12-17)!!! STOP keeping Holidays that were born from satanic practices and child sacrifice (John 1:10-13)!!!

May YOU learn to SEE this year (Matthew 13:11-17), exactly as Jesus intended for YOU to (Psalm 111:10)!!!

God The Father WILL NOT accept a pagan holiday day, sprinkled with sugar, and covered in misapplied Scriptures (John 4:22-26)!!! Pork will never be an acceptable human food; and Christmas will never be an acceptable practice before The Throne of God!!!

Jesus came to Show Us “The Way” - and His Way INCLUDES Real Biblical Holy Days; that you CANNOT be Sanctified without Observing (Exodus 31:12-18 / John 14:15,21 / Galatians 1:8-9 / Revelation 22:14)!!!

Holidays or Holy Days?

The Choice Is Yours! But as for me and my house, we will Serve and Follow Jesus Christ; because... JESUS IS LORD!!!

“Now therefore Fear The LORD, and Serve Him in Sincerity and in Truth: and put away the gods which your fathers served on the other side of the flood, and in Egypt; and Serve ye The LORD!!!

And if it seem evil unto you to Serve The LORD, choose you this day whom ye will serve; whether the gods which your fathers served that were on the other side of the flood, or the gods of the Amorites, in whose land ye dwell: but as for me and my house, we will Serve The LORD!!!” (Joshua 24:14-15).

One Nation Under God Ministries is helping to prepare this world for the Return of Jesus Christ; One Bible Study At A Time!!!

A new “Meat in Due Season” Bible Study is posted every Sabbath (Saturday) morning at! Check it out!


The Holy Land Changes Hands:                        

Daniel 11:7 “But out of a branch of her roots shall one stand up in his estate (or in his office), which shall come with an army, and shall enter into the fortress of the king of the north, and shall deal against them, and shall prevail.”

“Out of a branch” or “shoot” of her roots: her parents were her roots! Then this must be her brother, who would next occupy the throne of king of the south, and fulfill this prophecy! Again quoting from Rawlinson's research (p. 252):

“Ptolemy Euergetes [the III, and eldest son of Philadelphus (page 272) and therefore Bernice's brother, a branch of her roots] invaded Syria, in 245 B.C. to avenge the murder of his sister, Bernice ... In the war which followed, he carried everything before him.”

Daniel 11:8-9, the king of the south (Ptolemy III) did carry captives and vessels of silver and gold back into Egypt, and he did continue to reign more years than the king of the north, who at that time was Seleucus II. Ptolemy III did return to Egypt, and as verse 7 said, he should “enter into the fortress of the king of the north”. Ptolemy III did seize the fortress of Syria, Seleucia; the port of Antioch, capital of the kingdom! Then he carried back to Egypt immense booty and 2,500 molten images and idolatrous vessels which were originally stolen and carried away from Egypt, in 526 B.C., by Cambyses – the son of King Cyrus (the first king of Daniel 11:2)! Ptolemy III did continued to rule more years, as prophesized, until 222 B.C.; while the king of the north, Seleucus II, died in 226 B.C.!!! Scripture cannot be broken (John 10:35)!!!

When Seleucus II, king of the north died, his two sons took over the kingdom of the north; first Seleucus III, from 226-223 B.C., who ruled only three years, then his brother Antiochus III, called "the Great," ruled from 223-187 B.C. Both of the sons of Seleucus II assembled immense forces to war against Egypt, to avenge their father, and to recover their port and fortress, Seleucia.                                              

This too was accurately prophesied in Daniel 11:10, “But his sons shall be stirred up, and shall assemble a multitude of great forces: and one shall certainly come, and overflow, and pass through: then shall he return and be stirred up (or “be stirred up again”), even to his fortress.”

In fulfillment of the latter part of verse 10, Antiochus the Great, after 27 years, recovered his fortress, Seleucia; and also conquered the territory of Syria, as far as Gaza, including Judea.

Daniel 11:11, But the young Egyptian king of the south, now Ptolemy IV (Philopater), was roused, and with an army of 20,000 inflicted severe defeat on Antiochus the Great; and fulfilling Daniel 11:12, Ptolemy IV killed tens of thousands, and again annexed Judea to Egypt! But he was not strengthened, for he made a rash and speedy peace with Antiochus, and returned to dissipation, throwing away the fruits of victory.

Daniel 11:13, it was actually 12 year later, or in 205 B.C., that the king of the south, Ptolemy IV Philopator died, leaving his throne to an infant son, Ptolemy V Epiphanes. Then Antiochus king of the north, assembled a greater army, and won great victories and much riches!

Daniel 11:14, Antiochus also made a treaty allying Philip of Macedonia with himself and others, against Egypt; and together they wrested Phoenicia and southern Syria from the king of the south! Josephus' Jewish history tells us that many Jews also helped Antiochus. Almighty God had foretold this, hundreds of years before it happened! Notice what God says will be the result of some Jews (robbers of thy people) trying to help the king of the north fight against Egypt… “they shall fall!”

 Daniel 11:15-16, the glorious land, of course, refers to Judea - the Holy Land. Antiochus the Great besieged and took Sidon from Egypt, ruined the interests of Egypt in Judea at the Battle of Mount Panium, in 198 B.C.; then Antiochus took possession of Judea!                                                 

Daniel 11:17, who are the “upright ones”? In 198 B.C., Antiochus arranged a marriage between his daughter, Cleopatra (NOT the Cleopatra of 31 B.C. in Egypt) and a young Ptolemy V Epiphanes, king of the south; by which he hoped subtly to gain complete possession of Egypt; but the plan failed! According to Rawlinson (page 254), "Coele-Syria and Palestine were promised as a dowry, but not delivered." Cleopatra did not truly stand on the side of Antiochus, for it was only a trick to gain possession of Egypt.

Daniel 11:18, Antiochus then turned his attention in another direction and tried to conquer, from 197 to 196 B.C., the islands and coasts of Asia Minor. But the Roman General, Lucius Cornelius Scipio Asiaticus, utterly defeated him at the Battle of Magnesia, in 190 B.C.!

Daniel 11:19, Antiochus next turned his attention to the fortresses of his own land, in the east and west. But, attempting to replenish his dissipated wealth through the plunder of the Oriental Temple of Belus, in Elymais (also called Elam in the 2nd century B.C. – or Khuzestan, Iran); he was killed, in 187 B.C.

Daniel 11:20, Antiochus’ son, Seleucus IV Philopator, would become the next king of the north, ruling for 11 years (from 187-176 B.C.). In an effort to raise money, he sent a tax collector by the name of Heliodorus, through Judea; who would poison Seleucus a few days later!

Daniel 11:21, Seleucus IV left no heir; but his brother, a younger son of Antiochus the Great, named Epiphanes (or Antiochus IV), who was a contemptible reprobate, came by surprise and through flattery took the kingdom! To his aid came his assistant, Eumenes. Rawlinson tells us (page 255), “Antiochus (or Epiphanes), assisted by Eumenes, drives out Heliodorus, and obtains the throne, in 176 B.C. He astonishes his subjects by an affectation of Roman manners and by good-natured profuseness (or flattery)”.

Daniel 11:22, “the prince of the covenant” does not refer to Jesus Christ in this verse! This was the attempt by Antiochus Epiphanes to replace the Jewish high priest with another who would be subservient to him!

Daniel 11:23-24, although only a few were with him at first, yet by his “Roman manner”, by deceit, and by flattery; Antiochus Epiphanes crept into power and prospered. He also invaded Galilee and Lower Egypt. His fathers, the former kings of Syria, had favored the Jews; but according to Rawlinson (page 255), they “were driven to desperation by the mad project of this self-willed monarch!”

Daniel 11:25, Rawlinson continues (pages 255-256), “Threatened with war by the ministers of Ptolemy Philometor (now the new king of the south), who claim Coele-Syria and Palestine as the dowry of Cleopatra, the late queen-mother; Antiochus marches against Egypt, in 171 B.C. (pages 277-278). He was met by his nephew, Ptolemy Philometor, and another immense army; but the Egyptian king was defeated through the treachery of his own officers, and was outwitted by Antiochus”.

Daniel 11:26-27, After his victory at Pelusium, Antiochus advanced to Memphis, and having obtained possession of the young king's person (Ptolemy Philometor, king of the south); Antiochus endeavored to use him as a tool for effecting the entire reduction of the country. In 174 B.C., the uncle of the king of the south sat at a banquet. Antiochus pretended to ally himself with the young Ptolemy, against his brother, Euergetes II, but each was trying to deceive the other!

The Abomination of Desolation

Daniel 11:28, in 168 B.C., returning from Egypt with great plunder, Antiochus set himself against the Jews, massacred many, and then returned to Antioch with golden vessels from the Temple at Jerusalem.

Daniel 11:29, the same year, Antiochus again invaded Egypt, but with none of his former success. This time, Philometor, king of the south, has gotten help from Rome!

Daniel 11:30, the Roman fleet came against Antiochus, he was forced to surrender to the terms of Popillius, commander of the Roman fleet, and retire from Egypt and restore Cyprus to Egypt. Returning through Judea, smarting under the defeat, he vented his exasperation against the Jews, and extended special favors to those Jews who would turn from their religion!

Daniel 11:31, then the next year, in 167 B.C., came the climax of the horror. Antiochus sent troops to the Holy Land, who desecrated the Temple and sanctuary, abolished the daily sacrifice (see also Daniel 8:11, 24) and (on Kislev 15, or the 9th month on the Hebrew calendar – usually November or December on our Gregorian calendars. See Matthew 24:19-21. Do you now see why Jesus commands us to pray so?) then, he placed the abomination, an image, on the altar in the Temple precincts, making it desolate (Rawlinson, page 255).           

There are many who teach that this Biblical prophecy applies to the Muslims, who fulfilled it in the 7th century A.D., when they built the Dome of the Rock on the supposed site of the ancient Temple at Jerusalem (we will study more about temple and the fortress in our future studies)! But if we know what the “sanctuary fortress” really was, and take each verse of this prophecy, step by step, line by line, as it unfolded in actual history; there cannot be the slightest shadow of doubt as to this abomination that “maketh desolate”. It was an idol set up in 167 B.C., by Antiochus Epiphanes, ON THE ALTAR! As in real estate; it’s all about location, location, location!

All of the Scriptures that we have looked at today, have shown us that God is extremely accurate with His predictions of future events; and that He can bring these events to come to pass exactly as, and exactly when He says! We have also seen that many of the prophecies associated with the King of the North, have had a type of fulfilment already (they have already happened once). And we have also learned that those people who have fulfilled the role of the King of the North in antiquity, were Greco-Romans, whose base of power, was for the most part, in Europe (Assyrians)! We will explore much more about this in our next study!

There is a principle in Biblical Prophecy called “Duality”; meaning that a prophecy can be partially fulfilled the first time, as a shadow of a much larger and final fulfillment later on. Applying this principle of Duality to Daniel 11, we see that at least part of this prophecy about the King of The North and the King of the South, must be DUAL! Daniel 11:40-45, begins with phrase, “And at the time of the end”, and is the prelude which leads right up to the Resurrection of the Saints (Daniel 12:1-3)!!!

Join us next week as we continue to use Biblical Prophecy to learn How to identify WHO in our modern world, qualifies Scripturally, as The King of the North, The Beast of Revelation; and What the Abomination of Desolation that Jesus warned us about, REALLY IS (Luke 21:35-36)!!!                                       

We are honored that you joined us today, in the Study of God’s Word! We hope that you will join us again next week, and that you will continue to share what you have learned here, with others – at home, at work, and in your neighborhood (Matthew 28:18-20 / Mark 16:15-20)! May our Great God, Bless you and keep you, until then – in Jesus’ Name!!!

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Bible Study The King of The North (Part One) 02 Decemeber 2017.pdf1.12 MB