Skip to main content

Grover Cleveland (1893-1897)

 Portrait, Grover Cleveland

 

Grover Cleveland

22nd and 24th President of the United States
(March 4, 1885 to March 3, 1889 and March 4, 1893 to March 3, 1897)

Nickname: "Veto Mayor"; "Veto President"

Born: March 18, 1837, in Caldwell, New Jersey
Died: June 24, 1908, in Princeton, New Jersey

Father: Richard Falley Cleveland

Mother: Anne Neal Cleveland
Married: Frances Folsom (1864-1947), on June 2, 1886
Children: Ruth Cleveland (1891-1904); Esther Cleveland (1893-1980); Marion Cleveland (1895-1977); Richard Folsom Cleveland (1897-1974); Francis Grover Cleveland (1903-1995)

 

Religion: Presbyterian
Education: No formal education
Occupation: Lawyer
Political Party: Democrat
Other Government Positions:

  • Sheriff of Erie County, NY, 1870-73
  • Mayor of Buffalo, NY, 1882
  • Governor of New York, 1883-85

Presidential Salary: $50,000/year

Vice President: Thomas A. Hendricks (1885-89); Adlai E. Stevenson (1893-97)

http://onug.us/sites/default/modules/fckeditor/fckeditor/editor/css/imag...); background-repeat: no-repeat; padding-left: 18px; background-position: 0px 50%; ">

Cabinet:

Secretary of State
Thomas F. Bayard (1885-89)
Walter Q. Gresham (1893-95)
Richard Olney (1895-97)
Secretary of the Treasury
Daniel Manning (1885-87)
Charles S. Fairchild (1887-89)
John G. Carlisle (1893-97)
Secretary of War
William C. Endicott (1885-89)
Daniel S. Lamont (1893-97)
Attorney General
Augustus H. Garland (1885-89)
Richard Olney (1893-95)
Judson Harmon (1895-97)
Postmaster General
William F. Vilas (1885-88)
Donald M. Dickinson (1888-89)
Wilson S. Bissell (1893-95)
William L. Wilson (1895-97)
Secretary of the Navy
William C. Whitney (1885-89)
Hilary A. Herbert (1893-97)
Secretary of the Interior
Lucius Q. C. Lamar (1885-88)
William F. Vilas (1888-89)
Hoke Smith (1893-96)
David R. Francis (1896-97)
Secretary of Agriculture
Norman J. Colman (1889)
Julius Sterling Morton (1893-97)

http://onug.us/sites/default/modules/fckeditor/fckeditor/editor/css/imag...); background-repeat: no-repeat; padding-left: 18px; background-position: 0px 50%; ">Notable Events:

  • 1886
    • Dedication of the Statue of Liberty
    • Presidential Succession Act
    • Geronimo surrendered, ending Apache wars of New Mexico and Arizona
  • 1887
    • Interstate Commerce Act
    • Anti-Polygamy Act
    • Dawes Severalty Act
    • Tenure of Office Act repealed
  • 1888
    • New Chinese Exclusion Act
  • 1893
    • Panic of 1893
    • Pullman Strike
    • Sherman Silver Purchase Act of 1890 repealed
  • 1895
    • Controversy with Great Britain over Venezuela

Points of Interest:
http://onug.us/sites/default/modules/fckeditor/fckeditor/editor/css/imag...); background-repeat: no-repeat; padding-left: 18px; background-position: 0px 50%; ">

  • He was born Stephen Grover Cleveland.
  • Cleveland is the only president to serve two nonconsecutive terms.
  • Cleveland discovered a cancerous growth on the roof of his mouth in the middle of the economic crisis of 1893. So that his illness would not cause a greater panic, he and several doctors snuck aboard a pleasure boat and removed the growth. The public thought he was on a fishing trip and never knew the truth until 1917.
  • While sheriff of Erie County, New York, Cleveland was also the public executioner and personally hanged two murderers.
  • Cleveland was the first executive movie star. In 1895, Alexander Black came to Washington and asked Cleveland to appear in "A Capital Courtship", his photoplay. He agreed to be filmed while signing a bill into law. "A Capital Courtship" was a big hit on the Lyceum Circuit.
  • Since Cleveland was the sole supporter of his family during the Civil War, he paid a substitute to take his place.
  • Cleveland answered the White House phone, personally.
  • Cleveland vetoed 414 bills in his first term, more than double the 204 vetoes cast by all previous presidents. Cleveland used his veto powers 584 times during his two terms. This is the highest total of any president except Franklin D. Roosevelt, who served three terms.
  • "Death and Destruction" was the name that Grover Cleveland gave to his favorite hunting rifle.
  • He was the only president married in the White House.
  • According to the Curtiss Candy Company (and now Nestle ®), the Baby Ruth candy bar was named after Cleveland's baby daughter, Ruth. Snopes.com, the Urban Legends Reference Pages, argues that this is false and that the candy bar was named after famous baseball player Babe Ruth.
  • The only president's child born in the White House was Cleveland's daughter Esther.

Biographies: