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Rutherford Birchard Hayes (1877-1881)

 Portrait, Rutherford Birchard Hayes

Rutherford Birchard Hayes

19th President of the United States
(March 4, 1877 to March 3, 1881)

Nickname: "Dark-Horse President"

Born: October 4, 1822, in Delaware, Ohio
Died: January 17, 1893, at Spiegel Grove in Fremont, Ohio

Father: Rutherford Hayes
Mother: Sophia Birchard Hayes
Married: Lucy Ware Webb (1831-1889), on December 30, 1852
Children: Birchard Austin Hayes (1853-1926); James Webb Cook Hayes (1856-1934); Rutherford Platt Hayes (1858-1927); Joseph Thompson Hayes (1861-63); George Crook Hayes (1864-66); Fanny Hayes (1867-1950); Scott Russell Hayes (1871-1923); Manning Force Hayes (1873-74)

Religion: No formal affiliation
Education: Graduated from Kenyon College (1842) and Harvard Law School (1845)
Occupation: Lawyer
Political Party: Republican
Other Government Positions:

  • Member of U.S. House of Representatives, 1865-67
  • Governor of Ohio, 1868-72
  • Governor of Ohio, 1876-77

Presidential Salary: $50,000/year

Vice President: William A. Wheeler (1877-81)

Cabinet:

Secretary of State
William M. Evarts (1877-81)
Secretary of the Treasury
John Sherman (1877-81)
Secretary of War
George W. McCrary (1877-79)
Alexander Ramsey (1879-81)
Attorney General
Charles Devens (1877-81)
Postmaster General
David M. Key (1877-80)
Horace Maynard (1880-81)
Secretary of the Navy
Richard W. Thompson (1877-80)
Nathan Goff, Jr. (1881)
Secretary of the Interior
Carl Schurz (1877-81)

Notable Events:

  • 1877
    • Federal troops withdrew from the South ending Reconstruction..
      Striking railroad workers and federal troops clashed.
  • 1878
    • Bland-Allison Silver Purchase Act passed despite Hayes veto.

Points of Interest:

  • Hayes' father died a few months before he was born.
  • Of the five presidents who served in the Civil War, Hayes was the only one to be wounded.
  • Arriving in San Francisco on September 8, 1880, Hayes became the first president to visit the West Coast while in office.
  • Hayes was the first president to graduate from law school.
  • Mrs. Hayes was known as "Lemonade Lucy" because she refused to serve alcohol in the White House.
  • Lucy Hayes was the first First Lady to have graduated from college.
  • He won the presidency by only one electorial vote.
  • He signed the act that permitted women to plead before the Supreme Court.
  • The first White House telephone was installed, by Alexander Graham Bell himself, during the Hayes administration.
  • The first Easter egg roll on the White House lawn was conducted by Hayes and his wife.

Biographies: